Home : Glossary : M E-mail Story Print Story

M

MACCARTHY PROCEDURE
For sacral tumor; a method of excision of the sacrum.
MAGERL
Transarticular facet screw fusion for posterior C-1 on C-2 with the use of bilateral screws directed from inferior posterior lateral mass to anterior superior C-1.
MAGNETIC RESONANCE ANGIOGRAPHY (MRA)
A non-invasive study which is conducted in a Magnetic Resonance Imager (MRI). The magnetic images are assembled by a computer to provide an image of the arteries in the head and neck. No contrast material is needed, but some patients may experience claustrophobia in the imager.
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI)
Diagnostic test that produces three-dimensional images of body structures using powerful magnets and computer technology rather than x-rays.
MALIGNANT
Resistant to treatment; occurring in severe form, and frequently fatal; tending to become worse and leading to an ingravescent course.
MARGINAL OSTEOPHYTES
Excess bone formation at the margin of the vertebral body; spondylosis.
MARIE-STRÜMPELL DISEASE
Inflammation of the spine, occurring as a rheumatoid-type disease in children.
MASSAGE
A method of manipulation of the body by rubbing, pinching, kneading, tapping, etc.
MCAFFEE
Anterior retropharyngeal approach to upper cervical spine; often used for fusion, allowing excision of tumor.
MEDIAN NERVE
The nerve formed from the brachial plexus that supplies muscles in the anterior forearm and thumb, as well as, sensation of the hand. It may be compressed or trapped at the wrist in carpal tunnel syndrome.
MEDIAL
Situated closer to the midline of the body.
MEDICAL DEVICE REPORT (MDR)
The required reporting of medical device complaints involving a patient death, serious injury, or device malfunction.
MEDICATION
The act of medicating. A medical substance, or medicament.
MEDULLA OBLONGATA
The lower portion of the brain stem.
MEDULLOBLASTOMA
Tumor composed of medulloblasts which are cells which develop in the roof of the fourth ventricle (medullary velum).
MENINGES
The three membranes covering the spinal cord and brain termed dura mater, arachnoid mater and pia mater.
MENINGIOMA
A firm, often vascular, tumor arising from the coverings of the brain. Does not recur if totally removed.
MENINGISMUS
Apparent irritation of brain or spinal cord in which symptoms simulate meningitis but in which no actual inflammation of the membranes is present; meningism.
MENINGITIS
An infection or inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Caused by infectious agents such as bacteria, fungi, or viruses.
MENINGOCELE
A protrusion of the coverings of the spinal cord or brain through a defect in the skull or vertebral column. May be congenital or acquired.
MENINGOENCEPHALITIS
An inflammation or infection of the brain and spinal cord and their membranes.
MENINGOENCEPHALOCELE
A protrusion of both the meninges and brain tissue through a skull defect
MENINGOMYELITIS
Inflammation of spinal cord, its enveloping arachnoid and pia mater, and sometimes the dura mater..
MEYER
For C-1 to C-2 instability, posterior fusion using vertical strut grafts and wires.
MODIFIED FRANKEL CLASSIFICATION
Scale for spinal cord damage due to any cause.
MORBIDITY
The frequency of the appearance of complications following a surgical procedure or the other treatment.
MRA
Magnetic Resonance Angiography. A non-invasive study which is conducted in a Magnetic Resonance Imager (MRI). The magnetic images are assembled by a computer to provide an image of the arteries in the head and neck. No contrast material is needed, but some patients may experience claustrophobia in the imager.
MRI
Magnetic Resonance Imaging - Scanning technique for views of the brain or spinal cord. No radiation is involved, but rather pulsed magnetic waves are used to delineate the structures within the brain.
MESENCEPHALIC
Relating to that part of the brain stem known as the mesencephalon.
MINIMAL ACCESS DISCECTOMY
An operation performed on the upper spine to relieve pressure on one or more nerve roots.
MINIMALLY INVASIVE LUMBAR LAMINECTOMY/DISCECTOMY
An operation performed on the lower spine to relieve pressure on one or more nerve roots. The term is derived from the words lumbar (low back), and discectomy (remove a portion of the intervertebral disc).
MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY
Surgery requiring small incision(s), usually performed with endoscopic visualization.
MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
Any of a group of hereditary diseases characterized by progressive degeneration of the muscles.
MUSCULATURE
The arrangement of the muscles in a part or in the body as a whole.
MUSCULOSKELETAL INJURIES
Injuries affecting the muscles.
MYALGIA
Muscular pain.
MYELALGIA
Pain in the spinal cord.
MYELANALOSIS
Wasting of spinal marrow, tabes dorsalis.
MYELAPOPLEXY
Loss of nerve strength caused by some disorder of the spinal cord.
MYELASTHENIA
Loss of nerve strength caused by some disorder of the spinal cord.
MYELATELIA
Imperfect development of the spinal cord.
MYELATROPHY
Atrophy (wasting away) of spinal cord because of lack of nutrition, causing it to dimish in size.
MYELAUXE
Abnormal increase in size of spinal cord.
MYELETEROSIS
Abnormal alteration of the spinal cord.
MYELIN
The fat-like substance which surrounds the axon of nerve fibers and forms an insulating material.
MYELOCELE
Protrusion of the spinal cord in spina bifida. Herniation and protrusion of substance of spinal cord through defect in the bony spinal canal.
MYELOCYSTOCELE
Cystic protrusion of substance of the spinal cord through a defect in the bony spinal canal.
MYELOCYSTOMENINGOCELE
Cystic protrusion of substance of the spinal cord, with meninges, through a defect in the spinal canal.
MYELODYIASTASIS
Separation of the spinal cord.
MYELODYSPLASIA
Defective development of any part of spinal cord.
MYELOENCEPHALITIS
Inflammation of the spinal cord and brain; myelencephalitis.
MYELOGRAM
An x-ray of the spinal canal following injection of a contrast material into the surrounding cerebrospinal fluid spaces.
MYELOGRAPHY
Radiography of the spinal cord and nerve roots after the injection of a contrast medium into the spinal subarachnoid space.
MYELOMALACIA
Softening of the spinal cord.
MYELOMENINGITIS
Inflammation of the spinal cord and meninges (spinal membranes).
MYELOMENINGOCELE
A protrusion of the spinal cord and its coverings through a defect in the vertebral column. Herniation of cord and meninges through a defect in the vertebral column.
MYELONEURITIS
Inflammation of the spinal cord and peripheral nerves.
MYELOPARALYSIS
Spinal paralysis.
MYELOPATHY
Any functional or pathologic disturbance in the spinal cord.
MYELOPHTHISIS
Wasting of the spinal cord; reduction of cell-forming function of bone marrow.
MYELOPLEGIA
Spinal paralysis.
MYELORADICULITIS
Inflammation of spinal cord and nerve roots.
MYELORADICULOPATHY
Disease of spinal cord and spinal nerve roots.
MYELORRHAGIA
Spinal hemorrhage.
MYELOSCELEROSIS
Hardening of the spinal cord.
MYELOSYPHILIS
Syphilis of the spinal cord.
MYELOTOMY
A procedure for severing tracts in the spinal cord.
MYOPATHY
Any disease of muscle.
MYOSITIS
Inflammation of the muscle.

Back to Top

  • Published: July 22, 2002
  • Updated: March 17, 2008